The Government of Canada is requiring vehicle manufacturers to share greater details about vehicle defects affecting safety.

Amended regulations will require manufacturers to provide the Minister of Transport with new information, including a chronology of events, warranty claims, field or service reports, and when defect and non-compliance notices will be sent to owners and dealerships.

Companies must also clearly explain the nature of the safety defect and precautions to take until repairs are completed.

Vehicle safety defects refer to a flaw in the design, manufacture, or functioning of the vehicle. Typically these defects occur without warning, which could endanger people's safety. A sudden loss of steering or brakes due to a design flaw or equipment failure, are examples of safety defects.

While certain manufacturers already provide some of this information voluntarily, the new requirements now will make it fully mandatory for all manufacturers.

These new rules align with similar requirements in the United States.

In 2018, the Government of Canada enacted the Strengthening Motor Vehicle Safety for Canadians Act, which gave the Minister of Transport the ability to order a company to recall a vehicle, to pay for the cost of repairs, and to fix a new vehicle before it's sold. Amendments in the Act complement the 2014 powers given to the Minister of Transport to order a company to issue safety defect notices to consumers.

On average, manufacturers issue approximately 650 recalls each year, affecting over five million vehicles.

Approximately 25 percent of vehicle owners never get recalls repaired. Unrepaired safety defects can put drivers, their passengers, and other road users at risk.

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